Bible Study


The Solemnity of the Most Holy Trinity C Lectionary: 166

Reading 1 - PRV 8:22-31

Thus says the wisdom of God: "The LORD possessed me, the beginning of his ways, the forerunner of his prodigies of long ago; from of old I was poured forth, at the first, before the earth. When there were no depths I was brought forth, when there were no fountains or springs of water; before the mountains were settled into place, before the hills, I was brought forth; while as yet the earth and fields were not made, nor the first clods of the world. "When the Lord established the heavens I was there, when he marked out the vault over the face of the deep; when he made firm the skies above, when he fixed fast the foundations of the earth; when he set for the sea its limit, so that the waters should not transgress his command; then was I beside him as his craftsman, and I was his delight day by day, playing before him all the while, playing on the surface of his earth; and I found delight in the human race."

Responsorial Psalm - PS 8:4-5, 6-7, 8-9

  1. R. (2a) O Lord, our God, how wonderful your name in all the earth! When I behold your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and the stars which you set in place — What is man that you should be mindful of him, or the son of man that you should care for him? R. O Lord, our God, how wonderful your name in all the earth! You have made him little less than the angels, and crowned him with glory and honor. You have given him rule over the works of your hands, putting all things under his feet: R. O Lord, our God, how wonderful your name in all the earth! All sheep and oxen, yes, and the beasts of the field, The birds of the air, the fishes of the sea, and whatever swims the paths of the seas. R. O Lord, our God, how wonderful your name in all the earth!

Reading 2 - ROM 5:1-5

Brothers and sisters: Therefore, since we have been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have gained access by faith to this grace in which we stand, and we boast in hope of the glory of God. Not only that, but we even boast of our afflictions, knowing that affliction produces endurance, and endurance, proven character, and proven character, hope, and hope does not disappoint, because the love of God has been poured out into our hearts through the Holy Spirit that has been given to us.

Gospel - JN 16:12-15

Jesus said to his disciples: "I have much more to tell you, but you cannot bear it now. But when he comes, the Spirit of truth, he will guide you to all truth. He will not speak on his own, but he will speak what he hears, and will declare to you the things that are coming. He will glorify me, because he will take from what is mine and declare it to you. Everything that the Father has is mine; for this reason I told you that he will take from what is mine and declare it to you.”


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These questions are for reflection and discussion. Please understand that the homily may not address any of these questions directly. God speaks to hearts that are prepared.

1.The first reading gives voice to the wisdom of God. What are the characteristics of this wisdom revealed in this passage? Can we define wisdom from this passage?

2.The first reading presumes the doctrine of Creation as a sovereign act of God, and it further attributes purpose or meaning to the created universe.  How does this contrast with modern views of the world? What would you predict to be the consequences in a person’s life for adopting one view versus the other?

3.The Psalm expresses wonder in contemplation of the heavens as a created order—by God.  Would this wonder be the same if it were not thought to be created, but simply having happened?

4.The wonder of the Psalm is extended as man is first viewed as lost in insignificance and then acknowledged to be crowned… with glory and honor. What happens when mankind refuses to acknowledge his privileged place in the universe?

5.In the second reading, Paul mentions this grace in which we stand. What is that grace?  How is it related to the Psalm and the first reading?

6.The first reading attributes purpose to the very act of creation. The Psalm attributes purpose to our place in creation. The second reading attributes purpose to even our sufferings. The sufferings we experience are the result of the original purpose of creation and mankind’s place in it being thwarted by the Fall.  Yet the second reading mentions hope three times.  What is that hope?

7.Why do you think this Gospel reading is selected for this Sunday—the Feast of the Most Holy Trinity?  How does this Gospel relate to the other readings for the day?

8.Can you describe the role of the Holy Spirit within the Trinity from what is said in the Gospel?

9.Jesus told his disciples that he had more to tell you, and he said the Holy Spirit would guide them into all truth.  What do you think Jesus meant when he said you cannot bear it now? Do you think they were able to bear it later? When? Do you think they were led into all truth? Do you think we are today?

10.What has God spoken to you, and what do you intend to do about it?

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